fredag 6. mai 2011

Brazil withdraws from human hights comission after Belo Monte critique

This text from Folha de São Paulo is one of the sorces for the recent debate on Brazils surprising move to withdraw from the Inter-American Comission on Human Rights. Translated from Portuguese to English by Google translate and me.

The Brazilian government decided to play hardball with the Commission on Human Rights of the OAS (Organization of American States): Brazil will leave the agency in 2012 and suspended by order from president Rousseff the transfer of funds to the entity set for this year, U.S. $ 800 000.Brazil's reaction came after the committee request, in April, the interruption of the works of Belo Monte. The agency alleged irregularities in the process of environmental licensing of hydroelectric Belo Monte, given a precautionary measure of indigenous entities who questioned the project.

As a first reaction to the request, the Brazilian diplomacy used strong and unusual terms. He called the decision "hasty and unwarranted" and said that had not enough time to defend himself.

Irritated by what she considered undue interference, Dilma wanted to show an even tougher position, and called back to the country Brazil's representative at the OAS, Ambassador Ruy Casaes. He so far has not received permission to resume his post in Washington, nor knows when.

The committee is part of the American system of human rights in the Americas. Although linked to the OAS, is a formally independent body, does not represent countries, though the indications come from them. Its seven members, including the Brazilian Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, are elected by general meeting.

Brazil had submitted the name of Paul Vanucchi, former Minister of the Secretariat of Human Rights in the Lula government to replace Pinheiro from January 2012. The indication, however, has been suspended irreversibly.

The relationship can get even worse. This is because the committee was considering a new complaint of NGOs that works in Rio to contest the World Cup and Olympics-2014-2016, Dilma’s dear events. When she heard the new process, Dilma sent a message to the leaders of the IACHR: if this goes ahead, she will bring the case to the OAS itself, creating a real crisis.

In the case of Belo Monte, Brazil argued that the Commission granted only 28 days for the government to explain, when the average term of similar requests surpassed the milestone of 100 days.

This week, the government sent the authority a 52-page report explaining its role in the venture relating to local communities. The Government said it’s heard the indigenous communities of the region and is sensitive to social and environmental effects of the initiative.

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